Voting

Voting preview image

1 collaborator

Uri_dolphin3 Uri Wilensky (Author)

Tags

social science 

Tagged by Reuven M. Lerner about 9 years ago

voting 

Tagged by Marzieh Jahanbazi about 8 years ago

Parent of 1 model: Voting-Gender
Model group CCL | Visible to everyone | Changeable by group members (CCL)
Model was written in NetLogo 5.0.4 • Viewed 507 times • Downloaded 37 times • Run 2 times
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WHAT IS IT?

This model is a simple cellular automaton that simulates voting distribution by having each patch take a "vote" of its eight surrounding neighbors, then perhaps change its own vote according to the outcome.

HOW TO USE IT

Click the SETUP button to create an approximately equal but random distribution of blue and green patches. Click GO to run the simulation.

When both switches are off, the central patch changes its color to match the majority vote, but if there is a 4-4 tie, then it does not change.

If the CHANGE-VOTE-IF-TIED? switch is on, then in the case of a tie, the central patch will always change its vote.

If the AWARD-CLOSE-CALLS-TO-LOSER? switch is on, then if the result is 5-3, the central patch votes with the losing side instead of the winning side.

THINGS TO NOTICE

Watch how any setup quickly settles to a static state when both switches are off.

Watch what happens when only the CHANGE-VOTE-IF-TIED? switch is on. How is the result different?

Watch what happens when only the AWARD-CLOSE-CALLS-TO-LOSER? switch is on. How is the result different?

What happens when both switches are on?

EXTENDING THE MODEL

Try other voting rules.

Start with a nonrandom green-and-blue pattern. For example, one could make half of the world blue and half green.

Can you enhance the model to incorporate multiple colors and multiple votes? One might interpret shades of color to represent the degree of a patch's opinion about an issue: strongly against, against, neutral, etc. Each patch could have more than two choices and weighted votes: blue patches' vote could count twice, etc.

RELATED MODELS

Ising (a physics model, but the rules are very similar)

CREDITS AND REFERENCES

This model is described in Rudy Rucker's "Artificial Life Lab", published in 1993 by Waite Group Press.

HOW TO CITE

If you mention this model in a publication, we ask that you include these citations for the model itself and for the NetLogo software:

  • Wilensky, U. (1998). NetLogo Voting model. http://ccl.northwestern.edu/netlogo/models/Voting. Center for Connected Learning and Computer-Based Modeling, Northwestern Institute on Complex Systems, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL.
  • Wilensky, U. (1999). NetLogo. http://ccl.northwestern.edu/netlogo/. Center for Connected Learning and Computer-Based Modeling, Northwestern Institute on Complex Systems, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL.

COPYRIGHT AND LICENSE

Copyright 1998 Uri Wilensky.

CC BY-NC-SA 3.0

This work is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 License. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/3.0/ or send a letter to Creative Commons, 559 Nathan Abbott Way, Stanford, California 94305, USA.

Commercial licenses are also available. To inquire about commercial licenses, please contact Uri Wilensky at uri@northwestern.edu.

This model was created as part of the project: CONNECTED MATHEMATICS: MAKING SENSE OF COMPLEX PHENOMENA THROUGH BUILDING OBJECT-BASED PARALLEL MODELS (OBPML). The project gratefully acknowledges the support of the National Science Foundation (Applications of Advanced Technologies Program) -- grant numbers RED #9552950 and REC #9632612.

This model was converted to NetLogo as part of the projects: PARTICIPATORY SIMULATIONS: NETWORK-BASED DESIGN FOR SYSTEMS LEARNING IN CLASSROOMS and/or INTEGRATED SIMULATION AND MODELING ENVIRONMENT. The project gratefully acknowledges the support of the National Science Foundation (REPP & ROLE programs) -- grant numbers REC #9814682 and REC-0126227. Converted from StarLogoT to NetLogo, 2001.

Comments and Questions

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Click to Run Model

patches-own
[
  vote   ;; my vote (0 or 1)
  total  ;; sum of votes around me
]

to setup
  clear-all
  ask patches
    [ set vote random 2
      recolor-patch ]
  reset-ticks
end 

to go
  ask patches
    [ set total (sum [vote] of neighbors) ]
  ;; use two ask patches blocks so all patches compute "total"
  ;; before any patches change their votes
  ask patches
    [ if total > 5 [ set vote 1 ]
      if total < 3 [ set vote 0 ]
      if total = 4
        [ if change-vote-if-tied?
          [ set vote (1 - vote) ] ]
      if total = 5
        [ ifelse award-close-calls-to-loser?
          [ set vote 0 ]
          [ set vote 1 ] ]
      if total = 3
        [ ifelse award-close-calls-to-loser?
          [ set vote 1 ]
          [ set vote 0 ] ]
      recolor-patch ]
  tick
end 

to recolor-patch  ;; patch procedure
  ifelse vote = 0
    [ set pcolor green ]
    [ set pcolor blue ]
end 


; Copyright 1998 Uri Wilensky.
; See Info tab for full copyright and license.

There are 10 versions of this model.

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Uri Wilensky over 9 years ago Updated to NetLogo 5.0.4 Download this version
Uri Wilensky almost 10 years ago Updated version tag Download this version
Uri Wilensky almost 10 years ago Updated to version from NetLogo 5.0.3 distribution Download this version
Uri Wilensky over 10 years ago Updated to NetLogo 5.0 Download this version
Uri Wilensky over 12 years ago Updated from NetLogo 4.1 Download this version
Uri Wilensky over 12 years ago Updated from NetLogo 4.1 Download this version
Uri Wilensky over 12 years ago Updated from NetLogo 4.1 Download this version
Uri Wilensky over 12 years ago Updated from NetLogo 4.1 Download this version
Uri Wilensky over 12 years ago Model from NetLogo distribution Download this version
Uri Wilensky over 12 years ago Voting Download this version

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