Mother-Placenta-Fetus and Oxygen Delivery

Mother-Placenta-Fetus and Oxygen Delivery preview image

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globals [                  ;; setting the globals for the model functioning:
  F_count-down             ;; timer for the foetal cardiac driving function
  count-down               ;; timer for the maternal cardiac driving function
  F_tve                    ;; the foetal time varying elastance
  tve                      ;; the maternal time varying elastance
  F_list-p                 ;; the list for pressure values / foetus
  F_list-v                 ;; the list for volume values / foetus
  list-p                   ;; the list for pressure values / mother
  list-v                   ;; the list for volume values / mother

  HR-f                     ;; factor for 'balancing' heart rate and dt
  F_HR-f
  k                        ;; scalar  accountable for some extracardiac influence

 ]

breed [ m-erythrocytes m-erythrocyte ]
breed [ f-erythrocytes f-erythrocyte ]
breed [o-molecules o-molecule]
breed [cd-molecules cd-molecule]

patches-own                ;; property of patches to form physiological space zones
[
  membrane
]

to setup

  ca

  if (scenario = "Normal/Test")    ;; setting parameters for "Normal/Test" scenario
  [
   set E_v 0.0059
   set E_ao 0.6913
   set V0_lv 0
   set Vd_lv 0
   set P0_lv 0.1203
   set V_AO 50
   set V_LV 130
   set V_V 1300
   set R_mt 0.0158
   set R_ao 0.018
   set R_sys 1.0889
   set E_es_lv 2.8798
   set Lambda_lv 0.033
   set Preload_Volume-Status "Normal"
   set Afterload_Vascular-Resistance-sys "Normal-VR"
   set Myocardial-Contractility "Normal-contractility"
   set Vascular-Elastance-sys "Normal"

   set Heart-Rate 90
   set Hb_m-slider 120
   set Sa_m_O2-slider 0.95

   set PS 0.2
   set Vol_PL_f-slider 0.14
   set Vol_PL_m-slider 0.15


   set F_E_v 0.04
   set F_E_ao 4.351
   set F_V0_lv 0
   set F_Vd_lv 0
   set F_P0_lv 0.1203
   set F_V_AO 9
   set F_V_LV 4
   set F_V_V 225
   set F_R_mt 0.096
   set F_R_ao 0.138
   set F_R_sys 2.89
   set F_E_es_lv 2.8798
   set F_Lambda_lv 0.033

   set F_Heart-Rate 135
   set Hb_f-slider 170
   set Sa_f_O2-slider 0.51

  ]



  set count-down 0                       ;; initialising the timer and tve
  set tve 0

  set F_count-down 0
  set F_tve 0

  system-dynamics-setup

                                         ;; setting lists for volume and pressure parameters/mother and fetus
  set list-p []
  set list-v []

  set F_list-p []
  set F_list-v []

   create-m-erythrocytes 15              ;; creating RBC with respective properties
   ask m-erythrocytes
  [
    move-to one-of patches with [pxcor < 15 and pxcor > 2]
   set ycor random-ycor
   set color pink
   set size 18
   set shape "erythrocyte"
    set heading 180
  ]

   create-f-erythrocytes 15              ;; creating RBC with respective properties
   ask f-erythrocytes
  [
   move-to one-of patches with [pxcor < 49 and pxcor > 35]
   set ycor random-ycor
   set color pink
   set size 18
   set shape "erythrocyte"
   set heading 0
  ]


   create-cd-molecules 50
   ask cd-molecules
  [
   set ycor random-ycor
   set xcor random-xcor
   set color blue
   set size 4
   set shape "circle 2"
   set heading 270
  ]

   create-o-molecules 150
   ask o-molecules
  [
   set ycor random-ycor
   set xcor random-xcor
   set color red
   set size 4
   set shape "circle 2_w"
   set heading 90
  ]

  ask patches [ setup-membrane ] ;; setting preliminary conditions for the setup of 'extravascular space'
  let maternal-side patches with [pxcor < 15 and pxcor > 2]

                                 ;; seting parameters values for different variants with "Test" scenarios
  if (scenario = "Test") and (Preload_Volume-Status = "Decreased-preload-25%")
  [set V_V 625
   set V_lv 50]

  if (scenario = "Test") and (Preload_Volume-Status = "Decreased-preload-50%")
  [set V_V 250
  set V_lv 35]

  if (scenario = "Test") and (Preload_Volume-Status = "Increased-preload")
  [set V_V 1375]

  if (scenario = "Test") and (Myocardial-Contractility = "Decreased-contractility")
  [set E_es_lv 1.4]

   if (scenario = "Test") and (Myocardial-Contractility = "Increased-contractility")
  [set E_es_lv 4.0]

   if (scenario = "Test") and (Afterload_Vascular-Resistance-sys = "Increased VR X 2.0")
  [set R_sys 2.2]

   if (scenario = "Test") and (Afterload_Vascular-Resistance-sys = "Increased VR X 1.5")
  [set R_sys 1.6]

   if (scenario = "Test") and (Afterload_Vascular-Resistance-sys = "Decreased VR x 1.5")
  [set R_sys 0.67]


   if (scenario = "Test") and (Vascular-Elastance-sys = "Increased-arterial El+50%")
  [set E_ao 1.05]

   if (scenario = "Test") and (Vascular-Elastance-sys = "Decreased-arterial El-50%")
  [set E_ao 0.35]

   if (scenario = "Test") and (Vascular-Elastance-sys = "Increased-venous El+50%")
  [set E_v 0.009]

   if (scenario = "Test") and (Vascular-Elastance-sys = "Decreased-venous El-25%")
  [set E_v 0.0045]


  set HR-f round (( 90 / Heart-rate) * 1000)                                    ;; setting HR-f
  set F_HR-f round (( 60 / F_Heart-Rate) * 1000)

  set k (Heart-rate * 0.015)                                                    ;; setting the k-scalar

  if (scenario = "Maternal anemia")
  [ reset-test
    set Hb_m-slider 101
  ]

  if (scenario = "Abruptio placentae")
  [ reset-test]

  if (scenario = "Uterine contractions")
  [ reset-test]

  if (scenario = "Complex pathology")
  [ reset-test
    set Hb_m-slider 110
    set E_es_lv 1.4
    set Myocardial-Contractility "Decreased-contractility"
  ]

   if (scenario = "Anesthesia")
  [ reset-test
    set E_es_lv 2.4
    set E_v 0.005
  ]

  reset-ticks
end 

to setup-membrane

  ask patches with [pxcor = 25]
    [set pcolor gray]
  ask patches with [pxcor = 26]
    [set pcolor red]
end 

to go

  set count-down count-down + 1             ;; starting the timer which governs the cardiac driving function
  if count-down = HR-f
  [reset-count-down]

  set F_count-down F_count-down + 1         ;; starting the timer which governs the cardiac driving function
  if F_count-down = F_HR-f
  [reset-F_count-down]

 if ticks <= 2 [
   set list-p list (100) (101)
   set list-v list (102) (103)

   set F_list-p list (60) (61)
   set F_list-v list (23) (24)
  ]

  activate                                   ;; activating the cardiac driving function
  F_activate

  system-dynamics-go
  system-dynamics-do-plot

  create-list-v
  create-list-p
                                              ;; setting lists for volume and pressure values
  create-F_list-v                             ;; in mother and fetus
  create-F_list-p

  ask m-erythrocytes
    [ fd 0.05]
  ask f-erythrocytes
    [ fd 0.05]
  ask o-molecules
    [ fd 0.1]
  ask cd-molecules [fd 0.1]

 if (Scenario = "Maternal anemia") and ticks >= 13000 and ticks < 15000    ;; simulating a more sever maternal anemia while "Maternal anemia" scenario is running
  [set  Hb_m-slider 90 ]

 if (Scenario = "Maternal anemia") and ticks >= 15000     ;; adding to the maternal anemia a fetal anemia
  [set  Hb_f-slider 150 ]

 if (Scenario = "Abruptio placentae") and ticks >= 12000 and ticks < 13500 ;; simulating first step of abruptio placentae
  [
    set  Hb_m-slider 110
    set Vol_Pl_m-slider 0.2
    set Vol_Pl_f-slider 0.2
    set F_Heart-rate 145
    ask patches [set pcolor 12]
  ]

  if (Scenario = "Abruptio placentae") and ticks >= 13500  ;; simulating second step of abruptio placentae
  [
    set  Hb_m-slider 100
    set Vol_Pl_m-slider 0.5
    set Vol_Pl_f-slider 0.5
    set PS 2
    set E_v 0.0061
    set E_ao 0.5
    set F_Heart-rate 120
    ask o-molecules [die]
  ]

   if (Scenario = "Abruptio placentae") and ticks >= 17000
  [stop]

   if (scenario = "Uterine contractions") and ticks >= 12000 and ticks < 13000       ;; simulating periodic uterine contractions
  [
    set PS 7
  ]

  if (scenario = "Uterine contractions") and ticks >= 13000
  [
    set PS 0.1
  ]

   if (scenario = "Uterine contractions") and ticks >= 15000
  [
    stop
  ]

   if (scenario = "Complex pathology") and ticks >= 14000 and ticks < 15000          ;; simulating a uterine contraction under this scenario
  [
    set PS 7
  ]

   if (scenario = "Complex pathology") and ticks >= 15000
  [
    set PS 0.2
  ]

   if (scenario = "Complex pathology") and ticks >= 17000
  [
    stop
  ]

    if (scenario = "Anesthesia") and ticks >= 11000          ;; simulating the effect of anesthesia on different parameters
  [
    ask patches [
    set pcolor grey]
    set PS 0.5
  ]

     if (scenario = "Anesthesia") and ticks >= 11500 and ticks < 13000  ;; simulating uterine contaction under this scenario
  [
    set PS 3
  ]

  if (scenario = "Anesthesia") and ticks >= 13000
  [
    set PS 0.2
  ]

   if (scenario = "Anesthesia") and ticks >= 15000
  [
    stop
  ]

  tick
end 

to activate                                 ;; activation of the cardiac driving function and tve in mother
  ifelse count-down <= 500
  [set tve e ^ (-80 * ( count-down * 0.001 - 0.27 ) ^ 2)]
  [set tve 0]
end 

to F_activate                                ;; activation of the cardiac driving function and tve in fetus
  ifelse F_count-down <= 500
  [set F_tve e ^ (-80 * ( F_count-down * 0.001 - 0.27 ) ^ 2)]
  [set F_tve 0]
end 

to reset-count-down                           ;; reseting the timer for a new cardiac cycle (mother)
  set count-down 0
end 

to reset-F_count-down                         ;; reseting the timer for a new cardiac cycle (fetus)
  set F_count-down 0
end 

to-report result-v                            ;; generating lists with volume parameter values/mother
  report V_lv
end 

to-report result-p                            ;; generating lists with pressure parameter values/mother
  report P_lv
end 

to-report F_result-v                           ;; generating lists with volume parameter values/fetus
  report F_V_lv
end 

to-report F_result-p                           ;; generating lists with pressure parameter values/fetus
  report F_P_lv
end 

                                               ;; building up lists with volume &

to create-list-v                               ;; pressure parmeters values
  if ticks > 6000                              ;; /mother anf fetus
  [set list-v lput result-v list-v]
end 

to create-list-p
  if ticks > 6000
  [set list-p lput result-p list-p]
end 

to create-F_list-v
  if ticks > 6000
  [set F_list-v lput F_result-v F_list-v]
end 

to create-F_list-p
  if ticks > 6000
  [set F_list-p lput F_result-p F_list-p]
end 

to reset-test                                  ;; reseting initial condition in the "Test" mode = same
                                               ;; parameters as originally in "Normal/Test" Scenario
   set E_v 0.0059
   set E_ao 0.6913
   set V0_lv 0
   set Vd_lv 0
   set P0_lv 0.1203
   set V_AO 50
   set V_LV 130
   set V_V 1300
   set R_mt 0.0158
   set R_ao 0.018
   set R_sys 1.0889
   set E_es_lv 2.8798
   set Lambda_lv 0.033
   set Preload_Volume-Status "Normal"
   set Afterload_Vascular-Resistance-sys "Normal-VR"
   set Myocardial-Contractility "Normal-contractility"
   set Vascular-Elastance-sys "Normal"

   set Heart-Rate 90
   set Hb_m-slider 120
   set Sa_m_O2-slider 0.95

   set PS 0.2
   set Vol_PL_f-slider 0.14
   set Vol_PL_m-slider 0.15


   set F_E_v 0.04
   set F_E_ao 4.351
   set F_V0_lv 0
   set F_Vd_lv 0
   set F_P0_lv 0.1203
   set F_V_AO 9
   set F_V_LV 4
   set F_V_V 225
   set F_R_mt 0.096
   set F_R_ao 0.138
   set F_R_sys 2.89
   set F_E_es_lv 2.8798
   set F_Lambda_lv 0.033

   set F_Heart-Rate 135
   set Hb_f-slider 170
   set Sa_f_O2-slider 0.51
end 

There is only one version of this model, created 12 days ago by Victor Iapascurta.

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